COUNTRY RESOURCES

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denmark

Far-right extremism in Denmark tends to be divided between traditional neo-Nazism and anti-multiculturalist nationalists. Thought there is an ideological division between these groups, in practice, the same individuals may be associated with both. There are strong ties between Danish far-right movements and their counterparts in Sweden.

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finland

The Finnish Ministry of Interior deems far-right extremist violence to pose the greatest threat at the local level. Much of this consists of spontaneous acts of violence by skinheads. Activities by anti-Islam movements are much rarer in Finland, and these groups mostly exist online.

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sweden

Over the past decade, Swedish Security Services have identified 845 individuals who have been or are active within the White Power movement. The White Power movement is also the only extremist environment in Sweden in which murder has been committed.

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norway

Norway’s far-right scene has shifted over the past decade, as neo-Nazi street gangs have been largely eradicated. However, the problem has shifted largely online, and anti-Islam groups have grown in recent years. Norway was the target of far-right terror attacks by Anders Behring Breivik on 22 July, 2011.

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germany

Germany has some of the most established violent far-right groups in Europe and has historically had the highest rates of far-right violence. It hit the headlines again in 2011 with the discovery of the National Socialist Underground, a neo-Nazi terrorist cell operating for over a decade. Recent estimates indicate there are over 21,000 active far-right extremists in Germany, with 9,500 classified as potentially violent.

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poland

Far-right extremism remains a concern in Poland, where hate crime has risen in the past several years and attendance at far-right demonstrations like the National Independence Day march have hit record highs. Far-right violence is most prevalent in eastern Poland, in regions near the border with Russia, largely targeting LGBT, Roma, Jewish, Chechen and other ethnic minorities.

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The Netherlands

Though the threat of right-wing extremism is deemed minimal in the Netherlands, the nature of the problem is changing in recent years as Identitarian and anti-Islam groups have grown. These groups use shock tactics and online mobilisation to appeal to potential recruits. Dutch far-right groups have significant collaboration with German groups.

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united kingdom

Far-right extremism in the UK tends to be fragmented and fluid, and non-violent groups like the EDL tend to dominate the headlines. Though violent groups like Blood & Honor, Combat 18 or the Aryan Strike Force are marginal and tend to lack the organisation and operational capabilities of their counterparts elsewhere, they remain persistent and individuals tied to these groups have carried out large-scale and small-scale acts of violence.

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hungary

In Hungary, Roma communities are regularly targeted by the far right, a problem which is exacerbated by widespread prejudice against this group. Hungary has had a number of far-right paramilitary groups, which have even been associated with political parties.

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Slovakia

Far-right extremism in the Slovak Republic has changed faces numerous times over the past decade, due largely to changes in the penal code. Today, Slovak far-right groups predominantly target Roma communities. Local groups are heavily influenced by neighbouring movements in Germany and the Czech Republic.

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FAR-RIGHT ACTIVITIES

TYPES OF GROUPS

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